The fight to end bear bile farming

When we last spoke to Jill Robinson, Animals Asia was successfully fighting bear bile farming in south east Asia.

That was in 2018, and while a global pandemic might have slowed things down, Jill’s determination is stronger than ever.

We caught up with Jill for an update, and to see how Covid affected the Vietnamese governments’ pledge to phase out bear bile farming by 2022.

The fight to end bear bile farming

Jill Robinson pledged to end bear bile farming the moment she stepped foot inside a bile farm.

Jill Robinson is fighting to end bear bile farming
Jill and her beloved dogs at the rescue centre

In 1993, Jill was working for IFAW when a friend told her about a bile farm he had just visited.

So, just a week after learning about the farms’ existence, she travelled to China to see it herself.

Little did she know the horror that would greet her there.

What is bear bile farming?

Tens of thousands of bears – mainly moon bears – are held in captivity across Asia to have their bile extracted.

Bile is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years, and is said to heal many ailments.

Caught as cubs after their mothers are killed, the bears will spend the rest of their lives cramped in tiny cages.

Often, the cages are so small, the bears can’t turn around and, sometimes, they can’t even stand up.

Invasive – and painful –  extraction methods are used to ‘milk’ the bears, with the bile then sold for use in TCM.

Bears suffer horrifically on bile farms; often covered in physical scars that are caused by the mental torment they endure.

The bile extraction process leads to infections and severe illness; but, despite this, some bears can suffer for decades.

Bear bile farm in Laos credit Michelle Minehan
A bear in a cage on a bile farm in Laos (credit: Michelle Minehan)

“Never before had I felt so shocked or helpless; sick to my stomach with the reality of what these creatures had suffered.”

Face to face to bear bile farming

After travelling to China, Jill joined a group of tourists gathered outside the bear farm.

The group was met outside by the owners; both husband and wife boasting about the ailments their bile could cure.

“There was a bear pit inside and the owners were encouraging us to buy apples on strings to tease them with,” recalls Jill.

With the tourists distracted with apples and purchasing the bile products, Jill decided to explore the farm further.

What she found hidden out of public view revealed the true horror of the bear bile industry.

The torment

“Absolutely nothing prepared me for that moment,” Jill says.

“Thirty-two moon bears stared forlornly out of their crush cages, making nervous popping noises every time I approached them.”

‘Crush cages’ are just that – small cages the bears are kept in, often for their entire lives.

The cages are not much bigger than the bears themselves.

As a result, they are prevented from standing up and, often, even turning around.

“I could see the bears were afraid and were clearly anticipating something bad was about to happen to them.”

Bear Bile farm in Laos credit Michelle Minehan
A bear in a crush cage on a bile farm in Laos (credit: Michelle Minehan)

On closer inspection, it was clear to Jill why these bears were afraid.

Because of the torment of years confined in such tiny cages, the bears were covered in scars.

“The scars were three or four feet in length along their bodies, and their teeth were smashed from repeatedly biting the bars in frustration.”

Also, some had their teeth pulled out or their paw tips cut off, making them less dangerous to the farmers.

“Worst of all,” Jill says “metal catheters were poking out from infected holes in their abdomens, from where the bile is milked.”

Following this was a moment Jill will never forget, and credits it for the creation of Animals Australia.

“I felt something touch my shoulder; I turned around to see a bear reaching through the cage,” explains Jill.

“It seemed right to take her paw in mine and rather than hurting me, she squeezed my fingers in desperation.

“While I knew I’d never see her again, that moment saw a promise that bear bile farming would one day end.”

Animals Asia

Jill ultimately founded Animals Asia in 1998 which now has sanctuaries in China and Vietnam.

In 2018, Animals Asia had rescued more than 600 bears and were campaigning to close a bear farm in China that housed approximately 100 bears.

Jill told us this week that the rescue was successful; though it took longer than planned because of the pandemic.

“Last year was huge for us,” says Jill. “In the space of just a few weeks we moved 101 bears from that farm in Nanning to our Chengdu sanctuary.

Animals Asia aims to bring an end to the bear bile industry in Vietnam and they’ve been supported by the government to do so.


Jill Robinson founded Animals Asia to fight to end the horrors of bear bile farming
Jill founded Animals Asia to fight to end bear bile farming

The Vietnamese government invited Jill to join them in a press conference in 2017 where they pledged an end to the industry by 2022.

Already, bears kept for bile have dropped from 4,000 at the industry’s height, to approximately 900 today.

This success, and the ability to heal a rescued bears body and mind, is what continues to drive Jill.

“We are able to create an example of good management and care for animals who were utterly exploited,” says Jill.

“Our state of the art centres allow the bears to enjoy the most incredible lives of happiness, peace and choice.”

The fight continues

Jill credits the bears themselves for helping her avoid burnout, which commonly affects those working in animal welfare.

“We bring the bears freedom from pain and witness the peace and happiness in their new lives, and that’s what allows me to avoid the psychological distress after what I’ve witnessed,” Jill says.

“I’ve come to realise that it’s actually the bears who have rescued me.”

Jill says she’s an eternal optimist and this only increases as she gets older and witnesses the change and difference their work, projects and rescue centres have created.

“Someone said that our sanctuaries are ‘food for the soul’ and there’s absolutely no doubt they are,” says Jill.

“It’s impossible not to remain positive after seeing the progress made.

“The compassion in people’s hearts is extremely inspiring.”

To read more about Animals Asia and bear bile farming, visit

Bears aren’t the only animal being exploited to near extinction. Read more about the world’s most endangered creatures and what you can do to help.

The world’s most endangered creatures

The only way to see elephants in Thailand

/ by Michelle Minehan

Michelle is the founder and editor of Animal Friendly Life